For the current REF, see the REF 2029 website | For REF 2021, see the REF 2021 website
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Research income trends


As the environment data were collected on a different basis in the REF and the RAE, they are not comparable between the two exercises. 

To indicate changes in research income over the RAE and REF periods, the charts show – for each main panel – the amount of income reported directly to HESA from each main source.

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