For the current REF, see the REF 2029 website | For REF 2021, see the REF 2021 website
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Output profiles and diversity

The REF took account of the diversity of staff and recognised excellence in all forms and types of research. 

The charts below show that:

      • Research outputs by early career researchers and staff with other circumstances were found to be of equal quality to outputs by all staff.
      • Excellence was found in all types of research outputs.
      • Where institutions identified outputs as interdisciplinary, they were found to be of equal quality to other outputs. 
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